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161105-1 Report Abstract

Equity Evaluation of Vehicle Miles Traveled Fees in Texas

Mark Burris and Lisa Larsen, Texas A&M University, March 2012, 177 pp. (161105-1)

The Texas state gas tax has been 20.0 cents per gallon since 1991, and the federal gas tax has been 18.4 cents per gallon since 1993.  The gas tax is not only stagnant, but depreciating in value due to inflation.  One proposed alternative to the gas tax is the creation of a vehicle miles traveled (VMT) fee; with equity being a crucial issue to consider.

This research used 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) Texas data to consider the equity impacts surrounding four VMT fee scenarios.  Data were filtered and weighted to reflect results representative of Texas vehicle-owning households in 2008.  Each scenario was run both statically and dynamically under the assumption that the VMT fee would replace the state gas tax.  Results indicate that all of the VMT fee scenarios are essentially as equally vertically equitable as the current state gas tax system.

Keywords: Vehicle Miles Traveled Fee, Equity, Transportation Planning

ENTIRE REPORT (Adobe Acrobat File – 1.4 MB)