As of October 1, 2016, the SWUTC concluded its 28 years of operation and is no longer an active center of the Texas A&M Transportation Institute. The archived SWUTC website remains available here.

712415-1 Report Abstract

Computational Realizations of the Entropy Condition in Modeling Congested Traffic Flow: A Research Study

D.D. Bui, P. Nelson and S. L. Narasimhan, Texas A&M University, April 1992, 41 pp.

Existing continuum models of traffic flow tend to provide somewhat unrealistic predictions for conditions of congested flow. Previous approaches to modeling congested flow conditions are based on various type of “special treatments” at the congested freeway sections. Ansorge (Transpn. Res. B, 24B(1990), 133-143) has suggested that such difficulties might be substantially alleviated, even for the simple conservation model of Lighthill and Whitman, if the entropy condition were incorporated into the numerical schemes. In this report the numerical aspects and effects of incorporating the entropy condition in congested traffic flow problems are discussed. Results for simple scenarios involving dissipation of traffic jams suggest that Godnunov’s method, which in a numerical technique that incorporates the entropy condition, is more accurate than two alternative numerical methods. Similarly, numerical results for this method, applied to simple model problems involving formation of traffic jams, appear at least as realistic as those obtained from the well-known code of FREFLO.

Keywords: Congested, Entropy, Continuum, Bottleneck, Simulation, Models

Report not available electronically.
To order free hardcopy – email [email protected] 
or call (979)845-5815
Reference Report #712415-1