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712413-1 Report Abstract

Analysis of Effects of Alternative Fuels Legislation on State Highway Funds in the Southwest Region

Kathleen A. Hornaday, Mark A. Euritt and C. Michael Walton, University of Texas at Austin, May 2003, 126 pp. (712413-1)

Adoption of the Federal Clean Air Act, as well as numerous state clean air initiatives, has precipitated interest in alternative, “clean,” fuels. Implementation of alternative fuels has important implications for state highway programs which draw resources from motor fuel taxes. Conversion of gasoline and diesel engines to natural gas could potentially draw financial resources away from dedicated highway trust funds without decreasing utilization of the highway system. The principal objective of this research was to evaluate the impact of alternative fuels legislation on highway financing in the southwest region of the United States through the use of conversion scenarios based on new state laws.

Keywords: Alternative Fuels Legislation, Highway Financing, Highway User Taxes, Motor-Fuel Taxes, State Transportation Funds, Alternative Fuels, Clean Fuels, Federal Clean Air Act, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Conversion Process, Fuel Tax Exemptions, User-Pay Strategy, Annual Fixed Fee Method, BTU Tax, Federal CNG Fuel Tax

ENTIRE REPORT (Adobe Acrobat File – 308 KBytes)